Enantiomeric lead-free double perovskites rationally designed by achiral-chiral cation intercalation

Schematic diagram of achiral-chiral cation intercalation strategy for designing a series of chiral lead-free halide double perovskites. Credit: Prof. Luo’s group

Chiral optical materials have attracted great attention in multiple disciplines due to their wide application value in fields such as remote sensing, three-dimensional display, information communication, and optical information storage. With the strong demand for stable and environmentally-friendly materials, two-dimensional, chiral, lead-free halide double perovskites are expected to generate rich chiroptical and optoelectronic properties.

However, chiral lead-free double perovskites are rare. The main challenge is that there is only one kind of organic cation A in the interlayer of double perovskites A4BIBIIIX8 (A is organic cation, BI and BIII are metallic cations, X is halogen) and the selective domain of chiral cations A in double perovskites is limited by the width of organic interlayer.

In a study published in Chem, a research group led by Prof. Luo Junhua from Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter of the Chinese Academy of Sciences proposed achiral-chiral cation intercalation strategy to rationally design a series of new enantiomeric lead-free halide double perovskites with asymmetric and chiral bifunctional features.

Through the strategy of achiral-chiral cation intercalation, the researchers realized charge conservation and overall steric hindrance balance. The arrangement of the original intercalated cations was changed from a single cations A to diverse cations A+A¢, wherein A’ represents abundant achiral cations.

The researchers then synthesized six new enantiomeric lead-free halide double perovskites (R/S-PPA)2(BA)2AgBiBr8, (R/S-PPA)2(BrPA)2AgBiBr8 and (R/S-PPA)2(Br-EA)2AgBiBr8, demonstrating the feasibility of this synthesis strategy.

Single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis showed that achiral and chiral cations arrange alternately and connect with diverse non-covalent intermolecular interactions such as CH···π, π···π, CH···Br. These interactions make the chiral organic cations and achiral organic cations coexist stably and harmoniously in chiral halide double perovskites.

Further analysis showed that chiral compounds may prefer to possess a more distorted structure because of their natural asymmetric features. Larger structural distortions generally result in lower crystal symmetries, inducing asymmetry breaking and thus pave the way for the generation of circular dichroism (CD) and second harmonic generation (SHG) signals.

Taking compounds (R/S-PPA)2(Br-EA)2AgBiBr8 as examples, the researchers found that they present strong nonlinear optical response up to two-times that of state-of-the-art KH2PO4 nonlinear crystals, and robust circular dichroism signals in the visible region.

This study provides a new approach to exploring chiral lead-free halide double perovskites.

More information:
Tingting Zhu et al, Rational design of enantiomeric lead-free double perovskites by achiral-chiral cation intercalation, Chem (2023). DOI: 10.1016/j.chempr.2023.11.010

Journal information:

Provided by
Chinese Academy of Sciences

Enantiomeric lead-free double perovskites rationally designed by achiral-chiral cation intercalation (2023, December 28)
retrieved 29 December 2023
from https://phys.org/news/2023-12-enantiomeric-lead-free-perovskites-rationally-achiral-chiral.html

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